Tips to Manage Dry Eyes (Chinese version)

Are you experiencing foreign body sensation (feeling like there is sand or grit in the eye), pain, burning, redness, tearing, discomfort, dryness, fatigue and intermittent blurriness?  Does this worsen in the winter, under dry conditions, or when it is windy? 

You may have dry eyes. 

Did you know 1 in 4 Canadians are affected by dry eyes?  And now that it’s winter, the symptoms are likely much more prevalent. 

So what can you do to relieve your symptoms?

1.  Diagnosis: See your ophthalmologist or optometrist for a full eye examination to first ensure you have the correct diagnosis, as many eye conditions can give similar symptoms
诊断:首先要去看你的眼科医生或视光师, 做一个全面的眼科检查,以明确诊断。 因为有很多眼部情况可以引起相似的症状

2.  Humidifiers: Use of humidifiers at home especially in winter months will help

3.  Divert vent/heat flow: Point heat and ventilation system away from your eyes both at home and when in the car

4.  Artificial tears: There are many types of artificial tears available.  Try and see which eye feels most comfortable for your eye.  If you need to use artificial tears more than 4-5 times a day, consider using preservative-free artificial tears.

5.  Omega-3 fatty acid supplementation: There are many brands available.  Fish sources are in general superior to flaxseed, but for those who do not like fish oil or is allergic, flaxseed source is a good option.  It can take up to 3 months of daily use before full effect is felt. 
Omega-3 脂肪酸补养品:有很多品牌可选。一般来说,来源于鱼的要好于源于亚麻籽的,但对于那些不喜欢鱼油或对其过敏的人,亚麻籽源是一个不错的选择。可能需要使用3个月以上才能感受到充分的效果。

6.  Increase blink frequency: Did you know that we blink half as frequently when we are focused on something (such as computer monitor, TV or book)?  So take breaks when reading, using the computer and watching TV.
增加眨眼的频率:你知道当我们专注于一些事情上(比如,看电脑、电视或书)时, 我们眨眼的频率会减慢一半吗?所以要在阅读和使用电脑电视时注意休息。

7.  Concomitant blepharitis: Many people with dry eyes also have blepharitis (a condition of the eyelid oil glands), who will benefit from use of (1) warm compresses daily for at least 5 minutes per session, (2) followed by lid hygiene/scrub using specialized eyelid cleanser or baby shampoo to remove the excess oil and debris. 

8.  Prescription medication: In severe cases, your ophthalmologist may prescribe prescription medication to manage dry eye.


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